The nits are dark in color, and the hatched lice are pale in color. Adult lice are quick to move. If you find any evidence of head lice on your scalp, you’ll almost certainly find nits. You can tell the difference between nits, dandruff flakes, and other dirt in your hair very quickly. The majority of dirt should be easy to remove. Nits will appear to be permanently attached to your hair.
Lice on the head are contagious. If one member of your family has them, others may as well. Checking everyone in the family for signs of lice every few days is a good idea.
Head lice can be diagnosed by you or your healthcare practitioner using the following methods:
- Checking your hair for lice around the scalp
- Checking your hair for nits around the scalp
- To catch lice and nits, run a fine-toothed lice comb through your hair starting from the scalp.
Symptoms of head lice
Head lice symptoms include:
- Itching on the scalp
- Having the sensation that something is crawling on your head
- Scratching causes sores and scabs on your scalp.
How are head lice treated?
There are a variety of head lice treatments in the market. The majority of treatments will need to be repeated. After a week to nine days, the second treatment will kill any newly developed nits. The following are some of the most common head lice treatments.
In OTC head lice treatment, two types of chemicals are commonly used.
Pyrethrin is a pesticide made from the petals of chrysanthemums. It’s safe to use in children as young as two years old. If you’re allergic to chrysanthemums or milkweed, don’t use pyrethrin. Permethrin (Nix) is a synthetic insecticide with pyrethrin-like properties. It’s safe to use in children aged 2 months and up.
How to check the lice?
Other skin diseases, such as dandruff, eczema, or even allergy to shampoo and other hair products, can produce an itchy scalp. As a result, knowing how to check for lice, especially on children, is critical. Wet your child’s hair first. This causes the lice to move more slowly, making them easier to see. Part your child’s hair with a fine-toothed comb, then shine a bright light on their scalp. Here’s where you can get a lice comb. You’ll observe little, brown insects the size of sesame seeds crawling around or nits that appear to be attached to hair strands if your child has lice.